Recently, I came across someone trying to figure out where their code was deployed between Windows Azure Web Sites and Windows Azure Cloud Services. There are many things that you may want to wrap discovery code around between deploying to Cloud Services and Web Sites. One such example that comes to mind is use of LocalStorage in Cloud Services over writing directly to disk in Web Sites.
Non .NET Example with Environment Variables
In Non .NET Languages such as PHP or Node.js you may not have a standard configuration location or you may find the implementation of Environment Variables more convenient. In a past article I outlined how to read App Settings from the App Settings section of the Windows Azure Management Portal, which explained that App Settings configured in such a way are exposed as Environment Variables.
Cloud Services also have a way to configure custom Environment Variables in the Service Definition (CSDEF) file which is packaged up with a Cloud Service Package (CSPKG). Considering both Cloud Services and Windows Azure Web Sites enable you to expose Environment Variables this is consistent way to share information in either deployment method.
Configuring Environment Variables in Web Sites Portal
Configuring Environment Variables in Cloud Services
Environment Variable in Action
ASP.NET Example using Web.config
In ASP.NET there is the concept of a web.config file. This is an xml based file which is used for storing configuration settings which are specific to a deployment. It is easy to pivot on environment by providing transforms of the web.config file. Let’s assume we have 3 environments Local, WebSites and CloudService.
This will yield three configuration transforms which upon build will roll up to the base web.config:
Creating an App Setting
An App Setting is a Key/Value pair configured in the
<appsettings /> element within the web.config file.
Application Configuration File
We’ll set this appsettings to a value appropriate for debugging.
We will provide a replacement element for the appsettings for our local test environment.
We will provide a replacement element for the appsettings for Windows Azure Web Sites.
We will provide a replacement element for the appsettings for a Windows Azure Cloud Service.
AppSetting in Action
Depending on your development language or your scenario [as the Environment Variable route would work for ASP.NET as well] you can quickly and easily setup a way to verify which Environment you are deployed to be it Local Test, Windows Azure Web Sites, Windows Azure Cloud Services or any other environment you may have.
Stay Cloudy my Friends…